It is not appropriate to promote the use of drugs. Many drugs have potentially dangerous side effects and can be addictive. It is important to use drugs only as directed by a medical professional and to be aware of the risks and potential consequences of drug use.

That being said, there are some situations in which the use of certain drugs may be medically necessary and can provide benefits. For example:
Prescription medications can be used to treat a variety of health conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and infections.

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can be used to relieve symptoms of common ailments, such as pain, allergies, and indigestion.
Some drugs, such as vaccines, can help prevent diseases.

It is important to use drugs responsibly and to follow the instructions of a healthcare professional. If you have questions about the use of a specific drug, you should talk to a healthcare provider

How Blood Tests Can Detect Cancer

The detection of cancer especially at the early stage is now imperative for the early diagnosis of cancerous cells and possible prevention or treatment. One of the tests currently used is blood testing. Read more on other types of tests here

How Blood test is done

Samples collected to test for malignancy Cancer indications are examined in a lab using blood tests.
The samples may reveal the real cancer cells when examined under a microscope.

 

Proteins or other compounds produced by the malignancy may also be discovered through additional blood tests.

How Blood test Detects Cancer

Blood testing can also let your doctor know how well your organs are functioning.

Samples of blood, urine, other bodily fluids, or tissue are tested in a lab for abnormal cells or tumor markers that can help identify whether a person has cancer or a precancerous condition.
It also helps with the detection of high-risk patients, determining the cancer’s stage, determining its treatment options, and gauging how well the malignancy is responding to therapy.

Types of Blood tests for Cancer Detection

A blood cell count examination
An examination of the blood’s proteins
An analysis to look for compounds produced by cancer cells.
A test to detect cancerous cells
A test to detect the genetic material of cancer cells

Can Blood Tests Alone Detect Cancer?

However, most blood tests don’t work by themselves to identify cancer.
But they can offer hints that might help your medical staff arrive at the right diagnosis.

For the majority of cancer types, a technique to extract a sample of cells for testing is frequently required to be certain.

Note that, you may require additional tests and treatments to determine the cause of your blood test yields an unexpected result.

References:

https://www.cancercenter.com/diagnosing-cancer/lab-tests

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cancer/in-depth/cancer-diagnosis/art-20046459

The Risks of Taking Coffee Every Day

What Coffee Does to the Body
What Studies Say About the Taking Coffee
Side Effects of Taking Coffee Everyday
Caffeinism
Addiction
Health Complications
Note:

The roasted beans of Coffea fruits are used to make the common beverage known as coffee (Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora), of which both caffeine and chlorogenic acid are present.

What Coffee Does to the Body

Caffeine affects the body by energizing the heart, muscles, and central nervous system (CNS). It also affects the body’s ability to control blood sugar and metabolism, as well as blood vessels, which may be impacted by the presence of chlorogenic acid in it.

What Studies Say About the Taking Coffee

Studies have indicated that it is generally safe for most people to consume in low- to moderate amounts.
However, excessive amounts of caffeine may have negative and even harmful side effects.

Also, your gene significantly affects how tolerant you are to it. Some people can take significantly more caffeine than others without suffering detrimental consequences while others will suffer.
Additionally, those who aren’t acclimated to caffeine may suffer effects even after drinking what is usually thought of as a moderate quantity.

Side Effects of Taking Coffee Everyday

Without a doubt, the excessiveness of anything spells detrimental effects in most cases, therefore the need to take caution, especially in what is consumed is paramount.

Some side effects that may result from taking coffee on a daily basis include:

Caffeinism

This is a condition that can result from consuming more than 6 cups of coffee per day and it manifests as agitation or anxiety symptoms.

Addiction

People who regularly consume large amounts of coffee may need to consume additional amounts. Additionally, if they regularly consume coffee, they can grow so “dependent” on it that quitting suddenly would cause them to experience withdrawal symptoms.

Health Complications

Complications like elevated heart and breathing rates, agitation and restlessness, nausea and vomiting, stomach distress, and other unpleasant symptoms.

Anxiety, excitement, ringing in the ears, and irregular heartbeats can also result from drinking a lot of coffee.
Learn more on the risks of taking coffee here

Note:
There are several alternative uses for coffee being considered, but there isn’t enough trustworthy data to indicate if they would be beneficial. Hence the need to seek counsel from your health personnel is very essential.

References:

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/caffeine-side-effects

https://www.rxlist.com/coffee/supplements.htm

A sexually transmitted infection called the human papillomavirus (HPV) is linked to the majority of cases of cervical cancer.

 

In this blog post, I will take you through the effectiveness of the vaccine that prevents cervical cancer, where it can be gotten, and who uses it.

Effectiveness of Cervical Cancer Vaccine
Since its usage, quadrivalent type HPV infections among female teens between the ages of 14 and 19 and in women in their early 20s declined by 86% and 71%, respectively, in the ten years following the vaccine’s recommendation in the United States in 2006.
However, the cervical cancer vaccine can only prevent new HPV infections, it cannot cure already present HPV infections or illnesses.
It will only help to prevent infection by other strains of the virus.

Where Can Cervical Cancer Vaccine Be Gotten?

Health departments, school-based health centres, community health clinics, and doctor’s offices may all stock the HPV vaccine.

 


A referral can also be obtained if your doctor does not have the HPV vaccine.
To find out where to receive the HPV vaccine in your neighbourhood, you can also call your state’s health agency.
Note that cervical cancer vaccine is also known as HPV vaccine and as of today, there are 3 types available for use, which are:

  • 9-valent HPV vaccine (Gardasil 9, 9vHPV)
  • qHPV vaccine (Gardasil, 4vHPV)
  • bivalent HPV vaccine (Cervarix, 2vHPV).

Who Uses The Cervical Cancer Vaccine?

It is advised to get vaccinated against cervical cancer between the ages of 11 and 12.
Starting around age 9, cervical cancer vaccinations are available.

To protect themselves from HPV infections that can lead to cancer in the future, preteens must all receive the cervical cancer vaccine.

Teenagers and young adults up to age 26 who haven’t started or finished the HPV vaccine series also need to get vaccinated.

Anyone over the age of 26 should not get vaccinated unless recommended by a health specialist, because a greater number of people in this age group have already been exposed to HPV.

 

References:

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/hpv/public/index.html

https://www.immunize.org/askexperts/experts_hpv.asp

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hpv-infection/in-depth/hpv-vaccine/art-20047292

Salts are essential for life!

Someone said, but how far can their essentiality go? Without harm to consumers.
Mortality rate has drastically increased in recent times and one of the major reasons for this is because of what we consume.

Recommended Salt Intake

Adults
Adults shouldn’t consume more than 6g of salt (2.4g sodium) per day, or about 1 teaspoon.

Children
1 to 3 years old should consume no more than 2g of salt every day (0.8g sodium)
4 to 6 year olds should consume no more than 3g of salt each day (1.2g sodium)
Those within aged 7 to 10 should consume no more than 5g of salt each day (2g sodium)

Babies
Since their kidneys are not yet fully matured, babies shouldn’t consume large amounts of salt.
Less than 1g of salt per day is recommended for infants under 1 year old.
If a baby is nursed, breast milk will provide the proper amount of minerals, including sodium. Breast milk and formula milk both contain about the same quantity of nutrients. Hence, adding salts to this is of no use but harmful.

How Salt Affect Mortality
High blood pressure is linked to a salt-overeating pattern. Intake of too much salt is confirmed to be the cause of about 5 million deaths annually worldwide, and hypertension is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Blood pressure has also been found to decrease by reducing salt intake.
High Salt Content Foods

Shrimp, Cured Ham, Sunflower Seed, Pickled Cucumber, Canned Beans, French Bread, Breads and rolls, Pizza, Sandwiches, Burritos and tacos, Savory snacks, dairy products, meats, shellfish, vegetables, etc. are some of the foods consumed daily that contains high salt.

Final Thoughts
As much as salt has many benefits, its excessiveness causes reduction in mortality rate through the introduction of several life threatening diseases as aforementioned, hence, caution needs to be taken to adhere to recommendations by recognized bodies.