Down syndrome is an anomaly in which a child has additional chromosome known as chromosome 21. Chromosome determines the growth and development of baby.
Down syndrome also known as Trisomy 21,This is because trisomy refers to having extra copy of chromosome.
Common features and signs of down syndrome include:
- Low IQ
- Slow talk
- Flattened face
- Short neck
- Tongue that stick out
- Small hands & feet
- Short height
About 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome yearly.
There are three types of Down syndrome, and they include:
1. Trisomy 21
2. Translation down syndrome
3. Mosaic down syndrome.
Causes of down syndrome
What is of known is that it is due to extra copy of chromosome, however the definite cause is unknown.
However, one major factor that influences a baby having down syndrome is increasing mother’s age.women who got pregnant 35yrs and above are more prone.
So how do you detect down syndrome in pregnancy?
Try any of these two procedures
- Diagnostic test
- Screening test;making use of blood test and ultrasound.
Complications of Down syndrome
Children with down syndrome tends to have the following infections too
Some of them are:
2.difficult breathing while asleep
3. Ear infections
4. Eye diseases.
Treatment of Down syndrome
Unfortunately there is no cure yet for trisomy 21,however babies and children can be taken care of to improve their mental and physical health.
There may need for special attention in school as they have low IQ and sluggish when talking.
We need to get married earlier to reduce the risk of having babies with trisomy 21,you shouldn’t isolate such child however, show them love and care as we are all unique in the sight of the creator.
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