Pimple is a skin condition common among teenagers and young adult which is due to clogging of the hair follicle beneath the skin with oil and dead cells.
This lead to a circular small bump on the face especially, it can also be found on the back, neck, shoulder, groin etc.

How to prevent pimples (acne)

Although pimples is a normal phenomenon especially in puberty stage, however to reduce the spread and curtail the skin condition. Do the following:
1. Avoid greasy or oily foods
2. Stay away from snacks and junks
3. Don’t poke a grown pimple
4. Practice good healthy hygiene

5. Stay away from heavy make-up and facial paintings that can clog your skin

6. Wear light dresses in summer to enable your skin get fresh air
7. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables

8. Take balance diet daily

9. Exercise regularly
10. Steam and exfoliate your skin from time to time.
11. Change your pillowcases and bedsheets regularly

13. Stay away from creams that will predispose your skin to anomaly

By heeding to the aforelisted healthy routine, you are sure to reduce the incidence of pimples to the barest minimum.

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Stye also known as hordeolum is the lump on the lids (upper and lower) of the eye due to infection of the zeis or Moll gland, it is characterized by pain unlike chalazion which is painless and due to infection of meibomian gland. It looks like a pimple or boil on the edge of the eyelid.

Causes of stye

It can be caused by:

Infection (staphylococcus aureus)- This is when one of the sweat glands of the eyelid (Moll or zeis gland) become infected by bacteria staphylococci.

Sign and Symptoms of stye

  • Inflammed reddish lump on the eyelid
  • Pain
  • Visible Pus point on the lid margin
  • Swollen eyelid
  • Photophobia
  • Mild watery eye

Management and Treatment of stye

It can resolve on its own after a few days without using anything, however if it’s painful and affect vision ,take Ampliclox tablet which is an antibiotics 4 times a day as well as pain reliever. You can also try warm compress so as to reduce the swelling and aid the resolvation of the lump quicker.

Blood pressure is the force exerted by pumping of blood through the artrial wall into the heart. The blood pressure of man is measured using sphygmomanometer and it is preferably done when the body is not under diuress or stress.

The condition whereby the blood pressure is too high and low is known as hypertension and hypotension respectively.
A patient is said to have hypertension at >140mmHg/>90mmHg while hypotension is at <90mmHg/<60mmHg

Symptoms of hypertension
1. Blurry or double vision
2. Lightheadedness/Fainting
3. Fatigue.
4. Headache
5. Heart palpitations
6. Shortness of breath
7. Nausea and/or vomiting.

Symptoms of hypotension
1. lightheadedness or dizziness.
2. feeling sick.
3. blurred vision.
4. generally feeling weak.
5. fainting.

How to measure blood pressure
As said earlier, the blood pressure is measured with Sphygmomanometer and it can either be manual or automatic. The manual sphygmomanometer require the use of sthethoscope to listen to the sounds generated by the heart while the auto type convert the sounds into visual signals.

The normal blood pressure is <140mmHg/<90mmHg, the first blood pressure is the systolic blood pressure and the second is the diastolic blood pressure.

The rubber cuff is placed on the arm such that it is in the same position as the heart while it is placed on a table. Using the sthethoscope, the first sound heard while releasing pressure from the pump is systolic pressure and the point where the sound disappeared is measured as the diastolic blood pressure.

Complication of high blood pressure
1. Congestive heart failure
2. Coronary artery disease
3. Aortic aneurysm
4. Cerebral vascular conditions
5. Renal diseases

Treatment Management of high blood pressure

Antihypertensive drugs are of three types including;

  • Diuretics to reduce blood volume
  • Vasodilators to reduce peripheral vascular resistance
  • Sympathetic blockers to reduce sympathetic activities

Treatment/Management of low blood pressure
Use more salt. Experts usually recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can raise blood pressure, sometimes dramatically.

Drink more water. Fluids increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration, both of which are important in treating hypotension.

How to maintain a normal blood pressure
1. Eat healthy foods
2. Exercise regularly
3. Quit smoking
4. Quit drinking
5. Moderate intake of Salt

Having an optimum blood pressure is essential for good well-being and you should endeavor to check your BP from time to time to prevent sudden breakdown of the body

An hair is a pigmented filament of keratin which grows from a follicle on the skin of humans and other mammals.

  Just like the other parts of the body you need to take proper care of your hair not only by plaiting,cutting and using conditioners but by taking food good for shiny hair.

Note that the hair has underlying nerves and glands ,hence  it respond to whatever care you apply for/on it.We all want that natural shiny long hair especially ladies but then what are you doing to get it?

If your hair is dull and not shiny,there are several factors that can contribute to this,some of them include:

1.Vitamin deficiencies


3.Reflection of Ultraviolet ray

4.Eating junks

5.Smoking & drinking

6.Unhealthy lifestyles etc.

Why does an hair looks shiny?

When an hair received enough  nutrient to make it glow and lustrous such as fatty acids,zinc,iron etc,the outer cuticle of such hair will reflect light and it appears shiny to the eye.

What food are good for shiny hair?

Any food that will make the hair shiny  should be rich in fatty acids,iron,zinc and vitamins .

Here are 13 foods you need to take regularly for healthy shiny hair and skin.

They include:





5.Chicken & Turkey



8.Green tea

9.Dark chocolate

10.Sweet potato



13.Oils such as argon oil,castor oil ,black seed oil and  coconut oil

Mackerel : This is an edible fish of the family Scombridae, often speckled.it is rich in Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids essential for shiny hair.it can be prepared in any of your preferred method (smoked,boil or fried)

Salmon :it is one of the several species of fish with pinkish-orange color when cooked ,salmon is rich in vitamin B12 and iron which are suitable ingredients for shiny hair.

Eggs:They are rich in biotin notable for giving hair lusture look,it can be fried,boiled or  applied directly on the hair.

Carrots: have you heard of carrot good for vision? This is so because it contains vitamin A which suitable for good sight but the good news is that carrots also contribute to  the shiny hair  if you eat them on a regular basis

Green tea: your idea about tea is that they calm the nerves,flush toxins and boost your immunity,however what you missed out is that if you want a shiny hair.get yourself a cup of green tea daily , you can also wash your hair with it.

Ways to prevent dull and unhealthy hair

1.practice healthy habits

2.Avoid eating junks

3.Quit drinking and smoking

4.Make use of sunscreen regularly

5.Manage stress properly

6.Eat fruits,vegetables and balanced diet on a regular basis.

You don’t need to waste money on hair creams,bizarre conditioners that would only damage your hair scalps and make it worst,try to get the   foods below for lustrous hair  as well as avoid habits that can give you poor hair.

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Glaucoma is an optic nerve disorder whereby due to increase in Intraocular pressure in the eye,the optic nerve deteriorate and if care is not taken it can lead to blindness.

It is characterized by peripheral vision loss,watery and painful eye, Glaucoma is commonly known as silent cause of blindness since there is no obvious symptom at the outset of the disease and there’s no cure for it.

Causes of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is caused high Intraocular pressure in the eye, Normal IOP is 10-21mmHg.

Anything higher than this can lead to Glaucoma coupled with other factors such as large cupping, high cup disc ratio etc. during ophthalmoscopy (Internal examination of the eye).

Risk factors of Glaucoma

  • Black
  • Family history
  • Old age
  • Trauma
  • Cataract can predispose the eye to secondary glaucoma
  • Myopia
  • Diabetes


Types of Glaucoma

There are two main types of glaucoma including:
Primary Glaucoma: this is most type of Glaucoma not associated with any ocular disease
The four main types of Glaucoma include:
1. Closed-angle Glaucoma
2. Open angle Glaucoma
3. Congenital Glaucoma
4. Low tension Glaucoma

Secondary Glaucoma: This is the type of Glaucoma due to ocular changes
Types of secondary glaucoma include:
1. Inflammatory glaucoma
2. Neovascular glaucoma
3. Traumatic Glaucoma etc.

Management of Glaucoma
Although glaucoma has no cure however there are different drugs to manage open-angled glaucoma

I. Beta blockers e.g Timolol
II. Miotics e.g pilocarpine
III. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor e.g Acetazolamide
IV. Prostaglandin analogs e.g Latanoprost

There is need for ophthalmology referral for closed-angle glaucoma and for secondary glaucoma,There is need to treat underlying cause as well as reducing IOP using the drugs listed above as used for open-angled glaucoma.