Down syndrome is an anomaly in which a child has additional chromosome known as chromosome 21. Chromosome determines the growth and development of baby.

Down syndrome also known as Trisomy 21,This is because trisomy refers to having extra copy of chromosome.

Common features and signs of down syndrome include:

  • Low IQ
  • Slow talk

  • Flattened face
  • Short neck
  • Tongue that stick out
  • Small hands & feet
  • Short height

About 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome yearly.

There are three types of Down syndrome, and they include:

1. Trisomy 21

2. Translation down syndrome

3. Mosaic down syndrome.

Causes of down syndrome

What is of known is that it is due to extra copy of chromosome, however the definite cause is unknown.

However, one major factor that influences a baby having down syndrome is increasing mother’s age.women who got pregnant 35yrs and above are more prone.

So how do you detect down syndrome in pregnancy?

Try any of these two procedures

  • Diagnostic test
  • Screening test;making use of blood test and ultrasound.

Complications of Down syndrome

Children with down syndrome tends to have the following infections too

Some of them are:

1.hearing loss

2.difficult breathing while asleep

3. Ear infections

4. Eye diseases.

Treatment of Down syndrome

Unfortunately there is no cure yet for trisomy 21,however babies and children can be taken care of to improve their mental and physical health.

There may need for special attention in school as they have low IQ and sluggish when talking.

We need to get married earlier to reduce the risk of having babies with trisomy 21,you shouldn’t isolate such child however, show them love and care as we are all unique in the sight of the creator.

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Menstruation also known as period is the flow of blood from the vagina of a woman every month.

The purpose of which is to prepare your body for pregnancy, the menstrual flow is partly blood and tissue.age range of menstruation is 11-51years before menopause set in.

What’s PMS?
Premenstrual syndrome are symptoms that occur before period, and they include:

1.menstrual cramp
3.mood swings cravings.

Menstrual cycle occur for 28 days,so you are likely to see your menses within the first 3-5 days of the cycle. 

The length of time between first day of one period to the first day of the next is 21-35 days.

Event that take place during menstrual cycle include

  • Day 1-5: Menstruation occur, usually heaviest within the first 2 days.
  • Day 6-14: Bleeding stop and thickening of the Uterine lining
  • Day 14-25: This is when egg is released from the ovary, known as Ovulation.however if sperm enters the vagina and hit the egg, fertilization occur.

  • Day 25-28: If fertilization does not occur,egg breaks down and menstrual cycle starts all over again.

Clinically the Days are classified into phase;
Day 1-14 is known as follicular phase
Day 14 is known as ovulatory phase
Day 14-28 is known as luteal phase.

When are you fertile for pregnancy to result?
You are more fertile on the days you have abundant and sticky mucus. This is usually Day 14-25 of menstrual cycle, also temperature of the body increases suddenly without any cause.

You need to observe personal hygiene during menstrual cycle as always, it is brought to you that you are more fertile few more days after menstruation.
However, if you notice abnormal bleeding or no menstruation, then you need to visit a gynaecologist for proper check up.


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No part of this article may be edited,copied without the permission of the author