Myasthenia Gravis is a neuromuscular disease whereby there is fault in transmission of nerve impulses to muscles. This occur at the place where the muscles they control.

Also known as MG, Myasthenia Gravis is caused by antibodies attacking acetylcholine in the neuromuscular space. Most time Eye muscles are affected except in rare cases.

Why is MG refer to as Snowflake disease?
This is because its symptom varies from one person to another, meaning it can be mild and severe depending on different patient involved. MG can be life-threatening if symptoms are severe.

Types of Myasthenia Gravis

There are 5 Types, and they include:

1. Congenital MG
2. Ocular MG
3. Generalized MG
4. Juvenile MG
5. Transient Neonatal MG.

  • Congenital MG:This is the type inherited from both parents, this is due to changes in gene involved in communication between muscle and nerve cells
  • Ocular MG: This is a type of MG that include drooping eyelids (Ptosis) and double vision (Diplopia). The weakness of muscle is limited to only the eye in this type of MG
  • Generalized MG: Not limited to the muscles of the eye, but also facial muscles and Limbs.

In severe case, it can spread to the respiratory muscle in a condition known as Myasthenia crisis.

  • Transient Neonatal MG:Mothers with MG may pass it on to their babies within 48 hours of birth

Symptoms include impaired sucking, respiratory insufficiency etc.

  • Juvenile MG: This type of Myasthenia Gravis affect children before puberty, in a mild stage it is restricted to the eye muscle, as time goes on the weakness spreads to other parts of the body.

There might be need to undergo surgery as often Juvenile MG leads to deformation of thymus

Prevention of MG

Try to do the following to prevent the neuromuscular diseases
1. Maintain personal hygiene
2. Treat wounds & Infections
3. Stay away from stressful activities
4. Maintain a stable temperature.

How to cope with MG
Feeding might be tough due to weaken muscle, however avoid hard and crushing goods,also avoid bread products.

Treatment for MG

Although there’s no cure for MG, the following methods can ease and help you maintain a normal life
1. Medication which include steroids, muscle strengthener etc
2. Therapy e.g. plasmapheresis, monoclonal antibody etc.
3.Surgery ;Thymectomy

Diagnosis of MG include ice pack test, Edrophonium test,blood analysis,Electrocardiogram (ECG).

This post is dedicated to anyone with one eye defect/anomaly or the other. You are a champion and remember you can do a lot so as not to lose your vision totally.Also, happy birthday to me in Advance, Tomorrow is the D-day😃.
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