Follow the steps below to be enlightened on this topic :
1. Know what goal you hope to achieve by reading the material. Ask yourself, “Why am I reading this?” or “What am I supposed to learn from reading this?” By understanding your purpose for reading the material, you will be able to stay on task and focus on the more relevant parts of the text. For example, if you keep in mind that you are reading the material for an exam, this will help you focus on important dates, events, and people.
2. Become familiar with the topic. Become familiar with the topic by doing a quick Internet search. The more you understand and know about a particular topic, the more likely you will be able to make associations and remember the information better. For example, if you will be reading about Health, type in “Health” in your search engine. Then, click on an article, for example a Wikipedia article, and familiarize yourself with it
3. Skim the material. Before reading the material, take note of headings, pictures, tables, blurbs, charts, and opening paragraphs. Focus on the important information that fulfills your purpose for reading the material. Skimming the material primes your memory, orients your thinking so you can focus on important information, and helps you formulate a bigger picture of the content, which makes it easier to remember important information.
3. Read in short segments. Reading when you cannot focus is a waste of time. Therefore, to maximize your focus, read in short segments. For example, read only a section, or read for only 10 to 15 minutes at a time. After you read the section, go over what you just read in your mind. Increase your reading endurance by steadily increasing the amount of time you read each day or week.
For example, if you read in short segments of 10 to 15 minutes one week, read for 20 to 25 minute segments the next week.
Becoming a Critical Reader
1. Take notes. As you read, write down relevant information. The tactile act of writing will help you remember the information better. You can also underline concepts, or write down ideas that come to your mind as you read.
2. Highlight important concepts. Try to only highlight important and relevant information. For example, highlight just a few key words on a page. Before you highlight something, ask yourself, “Does this information fulfill my purpose for reading the material?” If the answer is no, then it is best to not highlight it.
3. Link the material to something you know. Associate new information with information you already know. By associating new information with information you already know, your brain will store the new information in your long-term memory bank. For example, if Thomas Jefferson was born in the same month as your mom, by linking his birthday to the birthday of someone you know, you will be able to remember the date better.
4. Think in pictures. Creating mental pictures for the content you read will help you remember the content better than just reading the content without any mental images. Make mental pictures of important events, concepts, or people. For example, remember an important date, such as when a battle began, by imagining the battle in your head with the date in big letters. You could also try drawing out the battle scene and writing the date of when it began and ended underneath it.
5. Read out loud. If you are an auditory learner, try reading important material out loud. The tactile act of speaking and hearing the material will enable you to remember the material better. Particularly, read the important information you have underlined, as well as answers to questions out loud. You can also use word association to remember important facts. For example, create rhymes or songs to help you remember important information.
Remembering What You Read
- Reword what you read in your own words: After you finish reading a section, write down what you read in your own words. This will help you assess which information you remember and which information you cannot remember. Go back and re-read the information that you could not remember, or had trouble putting in your own words.
- Discuss the material with someone: After you read something, discuss the new information with a friend, family member, or classmate. The act of discussing the content will create new associations in your memory. It will also help you see which information you understand and can remember, and which information you do not understand and cannot remember. Go back and re-read the information you had trouble relating and remembering. Then, discuss the information with a friend or family member again.
- Re-read the material: Repetition is key to remembering any kind of information. After you read something, go back over the important concepts and ideas that you highlighted or underlined. Also, re-read the paragraph in which the concepts and ideas are embedded. After one or two days, go back over the content. Re-read the important concepts and ideas, and quiz yourself.