prostate cancer|BPH,causes,prevention and Treatment

Prostate cancer is the growth of tumor on the prostate ,the prostate is a walnut-shaped part of the reproductive organ producing seminal fluid necessary for ejaculations.it perform the similar function as the seminal vesicle.
 Prostate cancer is the second common cancer in men,the first been skin cancer.
Types of prostate lesion
  • Benign Prostate lesion : This doesn’t metastasized and spread to other part of the body.this type of prostate lesion isn’t dangerous and mild.An example is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia also known as BPH.
  • Malignant prostate lesion : This is the type of prostate lesion that can get out of hand if not treated well,it can metastasized to the seminal vesicle,lymph nodes and bones.when the cancer cells affect the bones,some see this as Cancer of the bones while actually the cells found in the bone are prostate cancer cells.

What is the cause of prostate cancer?
The definite cause of prostate is Unknown as to live is to incur the risk of having cancer,the cells of the prostate are supposed to undergo apoptosis ( programmed cell death) in order to attend to excess ones however when the cells of the  prostate grow abnormally without control ,this lead to prostate cancer.
As indicated earlier,the cause of prostate is unkown however there are triggers that can expose you to prostate cancer,these triggers are known as risk factors.
Risk factors of prostate cancer 
1.Age : Men of ages above 40 years are prone to prostate cancer
2.Race : Black are prone to this cancer ,although there’s no particular reason For  this  however research suggest  diet,environment and socioeconomic factors can contribute to the assertion with North America and North Europe have highest records of prostate cancer.
3.Family history
4.Obesity
5.Smoking
Symptoms of prostate cancer
At earlier stage,you won’t feel anything until few years ,you’d start experiencing the following symptoms:
  • Trouble urinating
  • Enlarged Prostate
  • Blood in semen
  • Hematuria (Blood in urine)
  • Anorexia (Loss of appetite)
  • Loss of weight
  • Reduce urine flow
  • Bone pain
  • Back pain
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Urinary tract infections
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Prognosis of prostate cancer
From stage I to stage III,the expected year of living is 5 years or more if well managed
One thing about cancer is that once you remove the tumor,it can regrow . 
Can too much sex cause prostate cancer?
This is a myth and assumption,Having sex regularly will not in any way expose you to prostate cancer.
Treatment of prostate cancer
Before you start treatment for prostate cancer,the physician follow the rule ‘Watch and wait’ this means treatment is delayed until it get worst as there are complications to treating this cancer such as leaking of urine known as Urine incontinence.The stages of the cancer will be monitored closely until it can’t be handled anymore.
These treatment patterns include:
1.Surgery
2.prostate cancer therapy
3.prostate cancer hormone therapy
4.prostate cancer chemotherapy
5.prostate cancer cryotherapy ( freezing the cells of prostrate)
6.prostate cancer immune therapy
Since the cause of the cancer is Unknown you have to prevent prostate cancer by eating healthy foods,exercise regularly,maintain weight and quit smoking.

Don’t self-medicate if you are suffering from any infection and if you have trouble with urine leaking ,try using pads,special devices etc.
For proper treatment,book appointment with an urologist. 
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