Cervical cancer is the malignant tumor of the cervix (a region in the pelvic area of a woman where a child passes through)
A person with cervical cancer do not usually get the symptoms at an early stage.
The symptoms may then surface while the disease is in its late stages and as such many people do mistake it for another condition say urinary tract infections.
As a result, women should have a regular cervical smear test or pap test as this disease is more rampant amongst them.
Symptoms of cervical cancer
Some symptoms of cervical cancer include:
1. Bleeding after sexual intercourse: this is also referred to as post-coital bleeding. This, however, can be one of the first indications of cervical cancer.
This type of bleeding is different from the normal menstrual bleeding, and the amount of blood lost ranges from a few to a heavy amount.
2. Bleeding between periods: vaginal bleeding can affect women of any age, but mostly it is common in women that are active sexually.
Vagina bleeding between periods, also, is a possible symptom of cervical cancer especially if the bleeding occurs after menopause, and at times bleeding may be heavier than usual.
3. Bleeding in post-menopausal women: once a woman reaches menopause, whether light spotting or heavier flow of blood, is a sign of potential health problem, including endometrial cancer-a malignancy of the uterine lining, but only in a few cases.
Post-menopausal bleeding is never normal and should be treated with utmost care when diagnosed.
4. Discomfort during sexual intercourse:
this is also known medically as DYSPAREUNIA (painful intercourse). Damage might be caused to the cervix if women engage in their first sexual intercourse at the age when the cervix is still developing.
Thus engaging in intercourse with an underdeveloped cervix is a rust factor for cervical cancer.
Women who initiated sexual intercourse at an early stage say; age of 15 has a greater risk of having cervical cancer than those who did it before the age of 20.
5. Vagina discharge with a strong odour:
having vaginal discharge is normal and it occurs regularly. But an abnormal discharge can ensue like having a foul smell; indicating an infection.
The HPV(human papillomavirus) infection, spread by sexual contact can lead to cervical cancer. This type of cancer produce discharge with an unpleasant, foul odour.
However, it can be screened for with the pap and smear tests.
6. Unexplained pelvic pain: pelvic pain is a sign of cervical cancer especially when the pain is continuous. In other words, pelvic pain can be linked to reproductive organs problems.
This pain can be felt anywhere in the abdomen below the navel. The pain is mostly described by many women as a dull ache that may include sharp pains too.
Pain typically worsen during or after intercourse as it may be constant or intermittently.
These symptoms, however, can lead to complications such as infections. If any of these symptoms is experienced, a doctor should be contacted with immediate effect.
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